Ecotourism is a form of tourism visiting or traveling to natural areas that concerve the environment, sustain the well being of local people and involves interpretation and education for both host and visitors. Ecotourism is tourism conducted responsibly to conserve the environment and sustain well-being of local people. Ecotourism deliver real economic, social and environment benefit.

Ecotourism Principles:

  • Builds environmental awareness
  • Provides direct financial benefits for conservation
  • Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people
  • Respects local culture
  • Minimize physical, social, behavioral, and psychological impacts.
  • Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts.
  • Produce financial benefits for both local people and private industry.
  • Deliver memorable interpretative experiences to visitors that help raise sensitivity to host countries environmental, and social climates.

Tanzania- eco destination:

Tanzania is most famous for its awe-inspiring safari experiences. Hundreds of thousands of animals, such as elephants, rhinos, zebras, and giraffes will migrate across open savannahs. Flamingos will laze about large lakes and lions will hunt their prey.

In Tanzania there are about one hundred and thirty of different ethnic groups, languages, and cultures. The most famous of the traditional peoples of Tanzania is the Maasai, a semi-nomadic people recognizable by their beads, colorful clothing, and “jumping” warrior dances. In addition, Tanzania has been shaped by foreign influences throughout history, such as the Arab, and Persian traders and the European missionaries and colonists.

The Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania is one of the most important sites in the world. Significant archaeological sites have discovered human’s oldest fossils. Kondoa Irangi Rock paintings are the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The rocks contain paintings, which believed to date back more than 50,000 years. The paintings depict elongated people, animals, and hunting scenes. Found here are numerous rock paintings, depicting ancients’ symbols, figures, and animals, which are not to be missed.

Tanzania has a colorful and unique landscape of natural beauty and historical sites. The destruction of its natural habits comes about through a variety of issues. Tanzania has population of more than 45 million people. As the population increases, people expand into wildlife’s habitats, increasing the number of conflicts between wildlife and humans. For example, farmers will often shoot down lions and hunting dogs in retaliation for preying on their livestock.

Poaching is another challenge in Tanzania. Endangered animals are often killed for a single body part, such as a tusk, skins or bones, and then sold illegally for big amounts of money on the black market. Key to conservation efforts are creating wildlife corridors, educating the public, and providing alternative livelihoods, such as ecotourism.

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