Uluguru Mountain

The Uluguru Mountains are a mountain range in eastern Tanzania, named after the Luguru tribe. The main portion of the Uluguru Mountains is a ridge running roughly north-south and rising to 2,630 metres (8,600 ft) altitude at its highest point. The Ulugurus lie 200 km inland from the Indian Ocean. They are part of a chain of mountains in eastern Africa collectively called the Eastern Arc Mountains, which include the Taita Hills, Pare Mountains, Usambara Mountains, Nguu and Nguru Mountains, Rubeho, Ukaguru, Udzungwa Mountains and Mahenge Mountains.

The local people of the Uluguru are the Waluguru tribe people. They have been living in the mountains for several hundred years, coming from other areas of Tanzania. Their land ownership is through the female line and women are powerful in village life, in contrast to other tribes in Tanzania where men own the land and make most of the decisions about its use and management.

The forests of the mountains provide the water catchment areas for the streams and rivers. This water flows mainly from the forest-capped peaks of the Uluguru into streams joining to form the Ruvu River, which provides the water supply to the city of Dar es Salaam. Most of the neighboring population, around 3 million people, and the major industries in Tanzania rely on this water supply for their continued survival

Uluguru Mountains is under control of Uluguru Nature Forest Reserve. Is one of the global centres of biological diversity, recognized at international and national levels as priorities for nature conservation. It is home to a number of endemism for both plants and animals species with some of these species being threatened to extinction due to human activities In comparison with other Eastern Arc Mountains, Uluguru Nature Forest Reserve is one among the Nature Reserve in the Eastern Arc having higher number of endemic and near-endemic plant species. The reserve is a haven for at least 135 endemic plant species including rare African Violets and Orchids resource, Impatiens and Begonias which are popular pot-plants in the rest of the world and fund better management of the region’s biodiversity. Unique to the Ulugurus are 2 birds, 2 mammals, 4 reptiles and 6 amphibians unknown elsewhere in the world.

Special sites and features in the Uluguru Nature Forest Reserve include sacred forests, summits and viewpoints like Kimhandu summit, Kitumbaku ridges, Lupanga peaks and Bondwa peak. Other features include Lukwangule plateau, Kibwe and Hululu water falls; headquarter of the Waluguru’s traditional leader, Chief Kingalu Mwanabanzi XIV and the famous Morning side.


The Uluguru Mountains is accessible through eight key routes which include Bunduki to Nyachiro, Bunduki to Vinile, Morogoro to Morning site, Kola to Bigwa, Kinole to Tegetero, Matombo - Tawa to Nyingwa, Mvuha – Bwakila juu to Lusange, Kibaoni – Nyandira to Tchenzema roads.

Most of the activities are Mountain trekking (short trail to long trails), Bird watching, amphibian and reptiles searching,

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